Ph.D. Iowa State University, 1971
Market for Children; Economic Analysis of Law
Industrial Organization; Applied Economics
"Money, Pseudo-Money, and Inflation: The Case of Lithuania," Cultural Dynamics, 239-254 (1997), with Jurgis Vilis.
"The Economics of Cruel and Unusual Punishment," European Journal of Law and Economics, 235-245 (1998).
"The Offset Rule: International Evidence," European Journal of Law and Economics (1999).